Fennec and Arctic Fox

Fennec and Arctic Fox

Fennec and Arctic foxes are popular because of their small size, minimal odour and their highly social behaviour. New owners usually need advice on their social behaviour, reproduction and dietary needs. Hand rearing of fennec fox pups is relatively common for a variety of reasons. Queries regarding the correct protocols for hand rearing (nutritional, behavioural and weaning queries) are common for these species.


We would strongly recommend to owners that a preventative medicine is formulated specific to their animal(s) and their husbandry conditions. This can be drawn up by us after a first health check. It should include a plan for

  • Vaccination
  • Worms treatment/prevention
  • External parasite treatment
  • Dietary plan
  • Housing
  • Social groupings
  • Reproductive plan

Not all of the above will be relevant to all animals. For example there may be no or a very tiny risk of internal and/or external parasite which would influence the plan.



 Vital Statistics for Fennec Foxes
Body height ( at the shoulder) 8 inches (20 cm)
Average body weight 2–3 lbs (1.0–1.5 kg)
Average life span 12–16 years
Normal body temperature 100.8ºF (38.2ºC)
Dental formula I 3/3 C 1/1 PM 4/4 M 2/3
Respiratory rate (at rest) 23 bpm
Heart rate (at rest) 118 bpm
Sexual maturity 9–11 months
Breeding season January/February
Gestation 49–63 days (51 avg)
Litter size 2–5


The fennec foxes (Vulpes zerda) are in the Order Carnivora, the family Canidae and the genus Vulpes (with the red fox, Arctic fox and 9 other species). Fennecs are found in the Sahara desert region of North Africa from Morocco and Niger to Egypt and Sudan. Fennec foxes are listed in Appendix II of CITES and are considered  threatened in the wild.


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